Press Releases

Addiction publishes press releases throughout the year. Please see the date-sorted list below.  

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2019 Press Releases

E-cigarettes may help more than 50,000 smokers to stop smoking in England each year

A new study published today by the scientific journal Addiction found a positive link between the number of people in England giving up smoking when using e-cigarettes to try and quit.

GPs stopped giving alcohol advice to patients when they stopped being paid to do so

When the Department of Health (England) introduced financial incentives to encourage GPs to talk to patients about their drinking, there was a small, gradual increase in screening and the provision of alcohol advice. When the incentives stopped in 2015, rates of screening and advice-giving decreased immediately, and have stayed low ever since.

Tobacco-21 laws can lower smoking prevalence in the 18-20 age group

A new study found that raising the legal age of sale of cigarettes from 18 to 21 in the U.S. was associated with a 39% reduction in the odds of regular smoking in 18- to 20-year-olds who had experimented with cigarettes. The reduction was 50% in those with close friends who smoked at 16.

One in ten UK hospital inpatients is alcohol dependent

A new review of evidence from the UK has found high levels of alcohol dependence among hospital inpatients. The researchers estimate one in five patients in the UK hospital system uses alcohol harmfully, and one in ten is alcohol dependent.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder prevalence is very high in susceptible groups worldwide

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is 10 to 40 times higher in certain susceptible groups than the general population, including children in care, people in correctional services or special education services, Aboriginal populations, and people using specialized clinical services.

Payments to physicians may increase opioid prescribing

US doctors who receive direct payments from opioid manufacturers tend to prescribe more opioids than doctors who receive no such payments, according to new research published by Addiction.

2018 Press Releases

US housing subsidy may improve adolescent girls' binge drinking but worsen boys'

A housing subsidy treatment that enables low-income families in US cities to move from public to private housing appears to reduce adolescent girls’ binge drinking but increase adolescent boys’ binge drinking. The reasons for these differential gender effects are not yet clear.

US juveniles with conduct problems face high risk of premature death

This prospective study of more than 3700 US juveniles discovered that the connection between conduct disorder and risk of early death appears to exist even when other contributing factors such as sex, ethnicity, familial factors, and substance use are removed.

Microtransactions can move popular online games closer to online gambling

Some online games use in-game purchasing systems that disguise or withhold the long-term cost of microtransactions until the player is financially and psychologically committed. Such systems push free-to-play online gaming closer to gambling and may present financial risks for vulnerable players.

Alcohol and tobacco are by far the biggest threat to human welfare of all addictive drugs

A new review has compiled the best, most up-to-date source of information on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and the burden of death and disease. In 2015 alcohol and tobacco use between them cost the human population more than a quarter of a billion disability-adjusted life years.

Debunking two claims about US medical marijuana

Opponents of medical marijuana argue that such laws increase adolescents' recreational marijuana use while advocates argue medical marijuana helps address the US opioid crisis by reducing overdose deaths. Two papers look at the current evidence and find little support for either claim.

2017 Press Releases

Reversing opioid overdose: Concentrated naloxone nasal spray as good as injection

A concentrated 2mg intranasal naloxone spray delivers naloxone as effectively, over the critical first 15 minutes, as the standard 0.4mg intramuscular (IM) naloxone injection and maintains blood levels of naloxone more than twice as high as the 0.4mg IM levels for two hours after administration.

No magic pill to cure alcohol dependence yet

A new study has found no reliable evidence for using nalmefene, naltrexone, acamprosate, baclofen or topiramate to control drinking in patients with alcohol dependence or alcohol use disorder.

Do we need to reform international drug treaties as more countries legalise cannabis?

The future of international drug control treaties is in doubt because of recent treaty-violating decisions to legalize cannabis use in Canada, the United States and Uruguay. If decriminalization is the way of the future, Professor Wayne Hall outlines a cautious approach to policy reform.

Smokers in clinical studies who say they've quit often haven't

A new US study has found that a high proportion of smokers enrolled in stop-smoking programs during a hospital stay report having quit when in fact they have not. The findings mean that in these kinds of study it is vital to check claims of having quit using an objective measure.