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or

Bibliography on COVID-19 and Addiction

This downloadable document lists articles found in PubMed from searches on 29 June 2020 involving addiction-related topics and COVID-19. It is updated weekly and all publications prior to January 2020 have been removed.  The headings and search phrases are provided and results are organised into 1) research reports, 2) reviews and 3) editorials, commentaries, and letters.  Download the document here: /files/download/documents/29 June Covid-19 bibliography.docx

Florida bans drinking in bars to prevent spread of COVID-19

Florida state officials have announced a ban on on-site alcohol consumption at bars, amidst an increase in the number of COVID-19 cases. The ban does not extend to restaurants that primarily sell food, where alcohol can still be served to seated customers.

Source: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/florida-coronavirus-bars-alcohol-miami-beaches-closed-masks-a9589006.html

Mongolia bans alcohol sales during elections

The Mongolian government has scheduled a temporary ban on alcohol sales across the country during the upcoming parliamentary elections. The ban will remain in place for 72 hours in the capital city of Ulan Bator, and for 48 hours in the rest of the country. The ban will be in place on the day before, and the day of, national elections.

Source: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-06/22/c_139158688.htm

Eswatini bans alcohol sales to prevent COVID-19 transmission

The Eswatini government has banned sales of alcohol from 1 July 2020 following increased cases of COVID-19 in the country. The temporary measure is set to last no longer than 2 months and has been implemented to prevent the healthcare system in Eswatini from becoming overwhelmed. Previously during lock-down, limited alcohol sales were allowed for consumption at home.

Source: https://clubofmozambique.com/news/eswatini-bans-alcohol-after-surge-of-coronavirus-cases-163954/

Almost 15% of cigarettes sold in Ireland are contraband

According to a report published by Ireland’s Revenue Commissioners, almost 15% of all cigarettes sold in Ireland are illegal. The Commissioners said that the widespread use of contraband tobacco could be costing the state more than 200m ($224m) in lost tax revenue, as well as posing a public health risk.

Source: https://www.irishtimes.com/business/economy/thirteen-per-cent-of-cigarettes-sold-are-contraband-says-revenue-1.3473855

UK down-schedules medical cannabis product Epidyolex

Cannabis-derived medicine Epidyolex has been down-scheduled from Schedule 5 to Schedule 2 in the UK. An amendment to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 now makes Epidyolex exempt from most controlled-drug regulations and will make it easier for health-care professionals to dispense to patients.

Source: https://mjbizdaily.com/uk-down-schedules-epidyolex-to-lowest-level-for-controlled-drugs/

Rise in tobacco smuggling in South Africa

The ban on tobacco sales across South Africa in response to the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in increased illicit cigarette trade. South Africa and Zimbabwe have enhanced their border patrols and, despite having built a 25-mile fence across their shared border, continue to face difficulties addressing the illicit tobacco trade.

Source: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jun/26/south-africa-tobacco-ban-greeted-with-cigarette-smuggling-boom

Jordan tops global smoking rates

According to a survey by the Jordanian government in collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO), 80% of men in Jordan smoke tobacco, smoking an average of 23 cigarettes per day. Public health officials reported that Jordan now has the highest smoking rates in the world and highlighted the impact of tobacco industry influence on Jordan’s public health legislation.

Source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/23/jordan-smoking-rates-highest-in-world-amid-claims-of-big-tobacco-interference

Half of Ireland’s cannabis users reduce consumption during the COVID-19 lock-down

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has reported a fall in cannabis use in Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Up to 50% of occasional cannabis users reported they have quit or reduced their cannabis use during the COVID-19 lock-down.

Source: https://www.irishexaminer.com/breakingnews/ireland/up-to-half-of-cannabis-users-quit-during-lockdown-1006998.html

Nearly 5% of Nigerians report non-medical use of opioids

Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and the Centre for Research and Information on Substance Abuse (CRISA) have reported that 14.4% of respondents in a national survey had ‘abused drugs’ in the past 12 months. The most common drugs injected were pharmaceutical opioids, and 4.7% of those surveyed said they had used opioids for non-medical purposes in the past 12 months.

Source: https://www.premiumtimesng.com/health/health-features/399912-tramadol-from-safest-painkiller-to-major-health-concern.html