Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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November 2016

Craving cannabis: a meta-analysis of self-report and psychophysiological cue–reactivity studies

Regular cannabis users have attentional biases towards cannabis cues that appear to be greater relative to non-users than perceptions of craving for the drug.

Link to Abstract

The association between smoking prevalence and eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

People with binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa are significantly more likely to be life-time smokers than healthy controls.

Link to Abstract

Estimated increase in cross-border purchases by Washington residents following liquor privatization and implications for alcohol consumption trends

The privatization of liquor sales in Washington, USA in 2012 resulted in a significant increase in sales in bordering counties in Oregon and Idaho with little change to the amount of alcohol sales and revenue in Washington.

Link to Abstract

Improving the delivery of brief interventions for heavy drinking in primary health care: outcome results of the Optimizing Delivery of Health Care Intervention (ODHIN) five-country cluster randomized factorial trial

Giving primary health-care units training, support and financial reimbursement for delivering AUDIT-C-based screening and advice to heavy drinkers increases screening for alcohol consumption.

Link to Abstract

Predictive validity of clinical AUDIT-C alcohol screening scores and changes in scores for three objective alcohol-related outcomes in a Veterans Affairs population

In clinical settings, baseline AUDIT-C scores and score increases to moderate–severe alcohol misuse at follow-up screening appear to predict higher HDL cholesterol, alcohol-related gastrointestinal hospitalizations and physical trauma.

Link to Abstract

Perceived parental alcohol problems, internalizing problems and impaired parent–child relationships among 71 988 young people in Denmark

Young people in secondary education in Denmark who report perceived parental alcohol problems have significantly higher odds of internalizing problems and poorer parent–child relationships compared with young people without perceived parental alcohol problems.

Link to Abstract

Behavioral economic indicators of drinking problem severity and initial outcomes among problem drinkers attempting natural recovery: a cross-sectional naturalistic study

Two behavioral assessment tools that measure spending on alcohol, the Alcohol Purchase Task and the Alcohol-Savings Discretionary Expenditure index, appear to be reliable in assessing drinking problem severity.

Link to Abstract

Essential/precursor chemicals and drug consumption: impacts of US sodium permanganate and Mexico pseudoephedrine controls on the numbers of US cocaine and methamphetamine users

Essential/precursor chemical controls in the USA (2006) and Mexico (2007) were associated with large, extended reductions in cocaine and methamphetamine users in the USA.

Link to Abstract

The role of living context in prescription opioid injection and the associated risk of hepatitis C infection

People who inject prescription opioids in inner-city areas of Montréal, Canada are more likely to engage in injecting-related risk behaviours and have a higher risk of hepatitis C virus infection than those who live in the suburbs.

Link to Abstract

Non-medical use of prescription opioids is associated with heroin initiation among US veterans: a prospective cohort study

New-onset non-medical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is a strong risk factor for heroin initiation among HIV-infected and uninfected veterans in the United States who reported no previous history of NMUPO or illicit opioid use.

Link to Abstract

Adolescent cannabis use and repeated voluntary unprotected sex in women

Women who start using cannabis during adolescence appear to be more likely to report voluntary engagement in repeated unprotected sex than women who never use cannabis or who initiate cannabis use after adolescence.

Link to Abstract

Estimating met demand for alcohol and other drug treatment in Australia

A new method of calculating the use of drug treatment estimates that between 202,168 and 232,419 Australians received alcohol and other drug treatment in 2011–12.

Link to Abstract

Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: analysis of a representative sample of 27 460 Europeans from 28 countries

E-cigarette use in the European Union appears to be largely confined to current or former smokers, while current use and nicotine use by people who have never smoked is rare.

Link to Abstract

Cannabis and alcohol use, affect and impulsivity in psychiatric out-patients' daily lives

Cannabis and alcohol use are associated with higher levels of impulsivity (both), hostility (cannabis) and positive affect (alcohol) in daily life.

Link to Abstract