Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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June 2016

Re-starting smoking in the postpartum period after receiving a smoking cessation intervention: a systematic review

Nearly half of women who stop smoking during pregnancy go back to smoking soon after the baby is born.

Link to Abstract

In the weeds: a baseline view of cannabis use among legalizing states and their neighbours

In the United States, 86% of people who report ever using cannabis for medicinal purposes also use it recreationally. People who use cannabis do not commonly use it with alcohol, irrespective of recreational or medical use.

Link to Abstract

Therapist and client discussions of drinking and coping: a sequential analysis of therapy dialogues in three evidence-based alcohol use disorder treatments

In motivational enhancement therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy, and 12-Step facilitation therapy for alcohol use disorders, the therapists who explore and connect with clients appear to be more successful at eliciting discussion about change than therapists who engage in teaching behaviour.

Link to Abstract

Association between a brief alcohol craving measure and drinking in the following week

Craving for alcohol is associated strongly with alcohol use in the following week.

Link to Abstract

Impacts of drinking-age legislation on alcohol-impaired driving crimes among young people in Canada, 2009–13

Release from drinking-age restrictions appears to be associated with increases in alcohol-impaired driving offences among young drivers in Canada.

Link to Abstract

A micro-temporal geospatial analysis of medical marijuana dispensaries and crime in Long Beach, California

Using law enforcement to reduce the number of medical marijuana dispensaries in California appears to have reduced crime in residential areas near to, but not in, these locations.

Link to Abstract

Long-term effects of changes in Swedish alcohol policy: can alcohol policies effective during adolescence impact consumption during adulthood?

Men and women in Sweden who grew up during a period with more restrictive alcohol policies currently drink less alcohol than those who grew up during periods with more liberal policies.

Link to Abstract

Stuck in the catch 22: attitudes towards smoking cessation among populations vulnerable to social disadvantage

Highly disadvantaged smokers' views on smoking involve contradictions between feeling that smoking cessation involves personal responsibility and feeling trapped by stressful life circumstances.

Link to Abstract

Role of overlapping genetic and environmental factors in the relationship between early adolescent conduct problems and substance use in young adulthood

Conduct disorder symptoms in early adolescence appear moderately to predict substance use in early adulthood.

Link to Abstract

E-cigarette regulation and policy: UK vapers' perspectives

Themes that emerge in UK vapers’ views about e-cigarettes are a need for youth protection, regulation as medicines, strength of e-liquids, bans on public vaping, and concerns about the misuse of scientific evidence.

Link to Abstract

Protocol proposal for, and evaluation of, consistency in nicotine delivery from the liquid to the aerosol of electronic cigarettes atomizers: regulatory implications

E-cigarettes that use tank-type atomizers appear to deliver nicotine in more consistent quantities than electronic cigarettes that use cartomizers. The protocol for testing e-cigarette nicotine delivery consistency described in this paper could be used effectively for regulatory purposes.

Link to Abstract

Associations between smoking and caffeine consumption in two European cohorts

There appears to be a positive association between smoking and caffeine consumption in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Link to Abstract

Polysomnographic measures of sleep in cocaine dependence and alcohol dependence: Implications for age-related loss of slow wave, stage 3 sleep

Cocaine and alcohol dependence appear to be associated with marked disturbances of sleep architecture.

Link to Abstract

Iterative categorization (IC): a systematic technique for analysing qualitative data

Iterative categorization (IC) is a simple but rigorous and transparent technique for analysing qualitative textual data, suitable for use with inductive and deductive codes and able to support a range of common analytical approaches.

Link to Abstract

Reverse engineering a ‘responsible drinking’ campaign to assess strategic intent

The “How to Drink Properly” ad by Drinkwise in Australia may reinforce existing drinking attitudes and behaviours among young drinkers.

Link to Abstract