Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 

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March 2016

Peer-led interventions to prevent tobacco, alcohol and/or drug use among young people aged 11–21 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Peer interventions may help prevent tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among adolescents, but the evidence base is limited.

Link to Abstract

Clinical risk factors for death after release from prison in Washington State: a nested case-control study

Injection drug use and substance use disorders are important risk factors for death following release from prison.

Link to Abstract

Enforcement uniquely predicts reductions in alcohol-impaired crash fatalities

As enforcement of drunk driving laws increases, alcohol-impaired crash fatalities decrease.

Link to Abstract

The prevalence of compulsive buying: A meta-analysis

Evidence to date suggests that in countries where it has been studied around 1 in 20 adults may suffer from compulsive buying.

Link to Abstract

Increasing compliance with alcohol service laws in a developing country: intervention trial in the Kingdom of Bhutan

A programme to improve compliance with legal restrictions on serving alcohol in Bhutan had a modest effect, reducing illegal purchases from 80% to 66%.

Link to Abstract

The contribution of education, social class and economic activity to the income–mortality association in alcohol-related and other mortality in Finland in 1988–2012

The income disparity in mortality among working-age Finns originates increasingly from alcohol-related causes of death.

Link to Abstract

Potential cost-effectiveness of supervised injection facilities in Toronto and Ottawa, Canada

It is likely to be cost-effective to establish at least three supervised injection facilities in Toronto, Canada and two in Ottawa, Canada.

Link to Abstract

Being the victim of violence during a date predicts next-day cannabis use among female college students

Among female college students in the United States, being the victim of violence during a date appears to increase the risk for cannabis use the following day.

Link to Abstract

Reframing video gaming and internet use addiction: empirical cross-national comparison of heavy use over time and addiction scales among young users

Self-reported addiction to video gaming and internet use correlates better with problems associated with these activities than reports of heavy use of these products over time.

Link to Abstract

Nicotine delivery, retention and pharmacokinetics from various electronic cigarettes

E-cigarettes can deliver levels of nicotine that are comparable to or higher than typical tobacco cigarettes, with similar systemic retention, suggesting addictive potential.

Link to Abstract

Tobacco outlet density, retailer cigarette sales without ID checks and enforcement of underage tobacco laws: associations with youths’ cigarette smoking and beliefs

Higher tobacco outlet density may increase life-time smoking among youths.

Link to Abstract

Predictors of 10-year smoking abstinence in smokers abstinent for 1 year after treatment

Having a psychological disorder at the time of stopping smoking is a risk factor for relapse to smoking, even after more than 1 year of abstinence.

Link to Abstract