Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


Search key findings View Previous Lists


January 2016

How does the alcohol industry attempt to influence marketing regulations? A systematic review

The alcohol industry's political activity is more varied than existing models of corporate political activity suggest; it primarily conveys its arguments through manipulating the evidence base and by promoting ineffective voluntary codes and non-regulatory initiatives.

Link to Abstract

Health information on alcoholic beverage containers: has the alcohol industry's pledge in England to improve labelling been met?

The UK Public Health Responsibility Deal alcohol labelling pledge has not been fully met. Labelling information frequently falls short of best practice, with font and logos smaller than would be accepted on other products with adverse health effects.

Link to Abstract

The drug situation in Europe: an overview of data available on illicit drugs and new psychoactive substances from European monitoring in 2015

Opioid drugs continue to burden the European drug treatment system, although both new heroin entrants and injecting show declines. The European early warning system now monitors more than 450 new psychoactive substances.

Link to Abstract

The association between alcohol outlet density and alcohol use among urban and regional Australian adolescents

Higher densities of alcohol outlets in an adolescent's immediate neighbourhood are related to increased likelihood of alcohol consumption. The density of licensed clubs is associated more strongly with drinking for urban than for regional adolescents.

Link to Abstract

Relating off-premises alcohol outlet density to intentional and unintentional injuries

Greater off-premises outlet density is related to greater incidence of traumatic injury. Chain outlets appear to be most strongly associated with traumatic injury rates.

Link to Abstract

Understanding Americans’ views on opioid pain reliever abuse

Americans view the problem of opioid pain reliever abuse as serious, and support nearly all policies recommended by experts to curb the epidemic.

Link to Abstract

Risk of mortality on and off methadone substitution treatment in primary care: a national cohort study

Among primary care patients undergoing methadone treatment, risk of all-cause mortality increases following treatment cessation, and is highest in the initial 4-week period.

Link to Abstract

Enhancing the effectiveness of smoking treatment research: conceptual bases and progress

A new, synthesized research approach identifies promising components for every phase of smoking treatment. Many intervention components interact with one another.

Link to Abstract

Innovative community-based educational face-to-face intervention to reduce HIV, hepatitis C virus and other blood-borne infectious risks in difficult-to-reach people who inject drugs: results from the ANRS–AERLI intervention study

An inexpensive and easily implemented educational intervention on risks associated with drug injection reduces significantly unsafe HIV–HCV transmission practices and injection-related complications.

Link to Abstract

Identifying effective intervention components for smoking cessation: a factorial screening experiment

Preparation counseling and the combination of intensive cessation in-person counseling with preparation nicotine gum or patch are promising intervention components for smoking.

Link to Abstract

Comparative effectiveness of motivation phase intervention components for use with smokers unwilling to quit: a factorial screening experiment

Motivation-phase nicotine gum and behavioral reduction counseling are promising intervention components for smokers who are initially unwilling to quit.

Link to Abstract

Predictors of comorbid polysubstance use and mental health disorders in young adults—a latent class analysis

Mental health disorders are more likely in young adults with polysubstance use disorders than those with alcohol/cannabis use disorders.

Link to Abstract

Comparative effectiveness of intervention components for producing long-term abstinence from smoking: a factorial screening experiment

Twenty-six weeks of nicotine patch/gum (versus 8 weeks) and maintenance counseling provided by phone are promising intervention components for the cessation and maintenance phases of smoking treatment.

Link to Abstract