Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


Search key findings View Previous Lists


December 2017

Who achieves low risk drinking during alcohol treatment? An analysis of patients in three alcohol clinical trials

Low-risk drinking is achievable for some individuals as they undergo treatment for alcohol dependence.

Link to Abstract

The experience of initiating injection drug use and its social context: a qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis

Injection drug use initiation is a dynamic process shaped by social and structural factors. Interventions should seek to modify the contexts for initiation.

Link to Abstract

Self-reported cognitive scales in a US National Survey: reliability, validity, and preliminary evidence for associations with alcohol and drug use

Impairments in attention and executive functioning are positively associated with substance use in the US general population.

Link to Abstract

Heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of active tuberculosis in Taiwanese adults: a nation-wide population-based cohort study

In Taiwan, heavy and regular alcohol consumption are associated with higher risks of active tuberculosis.

Link to Abstract

A pilot randomized clinical trial testing integrated 12-Step facilitation (iTSF) treatment for adolescent substance use disorder

A novel integrated 12-Step facilitation treatment for adolescent substance use disorder showed benefits in terms of 12-Step attendance and consequences and may provide an integrated evidence-based option compatible with existing practices.

Link to Abstract

Structural neuroimaging correlates of alcohol and cannabis use in adolescents and adults

Alcohol use severity is associated with widespread lower gray matter volume and white matter integrity in adults, and with lower gray matter volume in adolescents.

Link to Abstract

Rates, characteristics and circumstances of methamphetamine-related death in Australia: a national 7-year study

Methamphetamine death rates doubled in Australia from 2009 to 2015. While toxicity was the most frequent cause, natural disease, suicide and accident comprised more than half of deaths.

Link to Abstract

Associations between anhedonia and marijuana use escalation across mid-adolescence

In mid-adolescence, anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure) is associated with subsequent marijuana use escalation, but marijuana use escalation does not appear to be associated with subsequent anhedonia.

Link to Abstract

Variation in cannabis potency and prices in a newly legal market: evidence from 30 million cannabis sales in Washington state

In the state of Washington, USA, the legal cannabis market is currently dominated by high-THC cannabis flowers, with growing expenditures on extracts. For cannabis flowers, both THC and cannabidiol concentration are associated with higher per-gram prices.

Link to Abstract

A free ride? An analysis of the association of casino bus tours and problem gambling among older adults

Older adults who use bus tours to access Canadian gambling venues have an increased likelihood of problem gambling.

Link to Abstract

Mapping medical marijuana: state laws regulating patients, product safety, supply chains and dispensaries, 2017

The US federal ban on marijuana has manifested as a patchwork of regulatory strategies not uniformly consistent with the approach usually taken by the Federal government and of unknown effectiveness.

Link to Abstract

Effectiveness of intensive practice nurse counselling versus brief general practitioner advice, both combined with varenicline, for smoking cessation: a randomized pragmatic trial in primary care

In people seeking help to stop smoking, one-off brief advice from a GP appears to be as effective as several sessions of behavioural support from a practice nurse when smoking cessation medication is provided.

Link to Abstract

Accuracy of self-reported smoking abstinence in clinical trials of hospital-initiated smoking interventions

In the United States, high rates (40%) of recently hospitalized smokers enrolled in smoking cessation trials fail biochemical verification of their self-reported abstinence.

Link to Abstract

Setting research priorities in tobacco control: a stakeholder engagement project

Stakeholders in tobacco control and smoking cessation research identified electronic cigarettes, addressing inequalities, and mental health and other substance abuse as key areas for research.

Link to Abstract

The association between personal income and smoking among adolescents: a study in six European cities

In the Netherlands, Portugal, Germany, Italy, Belgium and Finland, adolescents' personal income is related positively to smoking behaviours independent of family socio-economic status.

Link to Abstract