Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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November 2017

Familial association of abstinent remission from alcohol use disorder in first-degree relatives of alcohol-dependent treatment-seeking probands

The likelihood of abstinent remission among people with alcohol use disorder appears to be more than three times greater for individuals who are related to an abstinent proband versus those related to a proband with persistent alcohol use disorder.

Link to Abstract

The effectiveness of an intervention to reduce alcohol-related violence in premises licensed for the sale and on-site consumption of alcohol: a randomized controlled trial

In Wales, UK, an Environmental Health Practitioner-led intervention in premises licensed for the sale and on-site consumption of alcohol resulted in an increase in police recorded violence.

Link to Abstract

Are alcohol-related disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual youth decreasing?

Lesbian/gay and bisexual youth in Canada show elevated rates of alcohol use compared with heterosexual youth.

Link to Abstract

The contribution of alcohol use and other behavioural, material and social factors to socio-economic differences in alcohol-related disorders in a Swedish cohort

Socio-economic differences in alcohol use only explain a quarter of the socio-economic position differences in alcohol-related disorders in Stockholm, Sweden.

Link to Abstract

Examination of cumulative effects of early adolescent depression on cannabis and alcohol use disorder in late adolescence in a community-based cohort

Youth with more chronic or severe forms of depression during early adolescence may be at elevated risk for developing cannabis use disorder compared with youth with fewer depressive symptoms.

Link to Abstract

The impacts of minimum alcohol pricing on alcohol attributable morbidity in regions of British Colombia, Canada with low, medium and high mean family income

In Canada, setting a minimum price for alcohol has been associated with a reduction in alcohol attributable hospitalizations.

Link to Abstract

Ready, willing, and able: the role of cannabis use opportunities in understanding adolescent cannabis use

Approaches to measuring adolescent cannabis use that account for realistic use opportunities are critical to understanding underage cannabis use. Delineation of realistic opportunities from behaviours conditioned upon such opportunities is generalizable to a range of public health issues.

Link to Abstract

Nucleus accumbens functional connectivity at age 20 is associated with trajectory of adolescent cannabis use and predicts psychosocial functioning in young adulthood

Patterns of cannabis use frequency in US male adolescents could affect mood symptoms and educational attainment in early adulthood via altered function in neural reward circuitry.

Link to Abstract

Cost-effectiveness of emergency department-initiated treatment for opioid dependence

Buprenorphine appears to be the most cost-effective treatment for people with untreated opioid addiction who visit US emergency departments.

Link to Abstract

Changes in undergraduates’ marijuana, heavy alcohol and cigarette use following legalization of recreational marijuana use in Oregon

Rates of Oregon college students’ marijuana use increased (relative to that of students in other states) following recreational marijuana legislation in 2015, but only for those who reported recent heavy use of alcohol.

Link to Abstract

Loose regulation of medical marijuana programs associated with higher rates of adult marijuana use but not cannabis use disorder

Non-medical marijuana laws enacted in US states are associated with increased marijuana use, but only among adults aged 26+ years.

Link to Abstract

Progress in implementation of WHO FCTC Article 14 and its guidelines: a survey of tobacco dependence treatment provision in 142 countries

Fewer than half the Parties to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control have implemented the recommendations of Article 14 and its guidelines to promote tobacco cessation and implement effective measures to help tobacco users quit.

Link to Abstract

Deriving low-risk gambling limits from longitudinal data collected in two independent Canadian studies

Longitudinal data in Canada suggest low-risk gambling thresholds of eight times per month, $75CAN total per month and 1.7% of income spent on gambling.

Link to Abstract

Very brief physician advice and supplemental proactive telephone calls to promote smoking reduction and cessation in Chinese male smokers with no intention to quit: a randomized trial

A very brief, proactive, low-cost smoking-reduction intervention without medications for Chinese male smokers with no intention to quit appears to increase smoking abstinence.

Link to Abstract

Association between elementary school personality and high school smoking and drinking

Three personality traits (urgency, sensation-seeking and low conscientiousness), when measured in 11-year-old children, predict those children's drinking and smoking behavior individually at age 15.

Link to Abstract

A new methodological approach to adjust alcohol exposure distributions to improve the estimation of alcohol-attributable fractions

A refinement of Rehm et al.’s approach to adjusting for underreporting in the estimation of alcohol-attributable fractions provides more flexibility.

Link to Abstract