Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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August 2023

Global prevalence of heated tobacco product use, 2015ā€“22: A systematic review and meta-analysis

The prevalence of heated tobacco products use increased in the European and Western Pacific Regions between 2015 and 2020

Link to Abstract

Comparative effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in adults with harmful use of alcohol: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Combined psychosocial intervention with more intensive approach may provide greater effect in reducing harmful alcohol consumption behavior

Link to Abstract

Alcohol use disorder criteria exhibit different comorbidity patterns

Different symptom combinations appear to yield differential expressions of alcohol use disorder that are disorder-specific, or reflect broader tendencies toward externalizing, internalizing, or both.

Link to Abstract

Financial incentives for quitting smoking in pregnancy: Are they cost-effective?

In the UK, financial incentives plus usual care to support pregnant women to stop smoking appears highly cost-effective over a lifetime for mothers and infants.

Link to Abstract

An overlooked effect: domestic violence and alcohol policies in the night-time economy

Increases to late-night alcohol restrictions may reduce rates of domestic violence.

Link to Abstract

Risky alcohol consumption among women in Australia attending breast screening services: an exploratory cross-sectional study

Risky drinking appears to be highly prevalent among breast screening service clients in Australia, using alcohol guidelines introduced in December 2020.

Link to Abstract

Influence of vaccination on adverse health outcomes after SARS-CoV-2 infection among individuals with alcohol use disorder: a population-based study

Alcohol use disorder and being unvaccinated for SARS-CoV-2 appear to be independent risk factors for adverse health outcomes following SARS-CoV-2 infection

Link to Abstract

Does opioid agonist treatment reduce overdose mortality risk in people who are older or have physical comorbidities? Cohort study using linked administrative health data in New South Wales, Australia, 2002ā€“17

Opioid agonist treatment appears to reduce mortality risk in people with opioid use disorder who are older or who have physical comorbidities.

Link to Abstract

High-ā€˜nā€™-dry? A comparison of cannabis and alcohol use in drivers presenting to hospital after a vehicular collision

In Canada, risk factors for cannabis-related motor vehicle collisions appear to differ from those for alcohol-related collisions.

Link to Abstract

Community member perspectives on adapting the Cascade of Care for opioid use disorder for a Tribal Nation in the United States

Nonlinearity and cultural connection may be key elements to include in an Anishinaabe-centered model of opioid recovery and change.

Link to Abstract

Using machine learning to retrospectively predict self-reported gambling problems in Quebec

Machine learning algorithms may be able to classify at-risk online gamblers using data from their use of online gambling platforms.

Link to Abstract

The impacts of COVID-19 measures on drug markets and drug use among a cohort of people who use methamphetamine in Victoria, Australia

COVID-19 measures in Victoria, Australia appear to have been associated with major price changes in the methamphetamine market and decreased frequency of use of the drug.

Link to Abstract

The effect of recreational cannabis legalization on rates of traffic injury in Canada

There is no clear evidence that Canada's recreational cannabis legalization had any effect on rates of traffic injuries.

Link to Abstract

Effect of perioperative high-dose transdermal nicotine patch on pain sensitivity among male abstinent tobacco smokers undergoing abdominal surgery: A randomized controlled pilot study

Perioperative high-dose NRT may help to relieve postoperative pain among male smoking-abstinent patients undergoing abdominal surgery.

Link to Abstract

Polydrug use among patients on methadone medication treatment: Evidence from urine drug testing to inform patient safety

Between 2017 and 2021, US patients presenting to opioid treatment programmes increasingly tested positive for fentanyl, methamphetamine, and cocaine.

Link to Abstract

Seasonal, weekly and other cyclical patterns in deaths due to drug poisoning in England and Wales

Deaths due to drug poisoning in England and Wales peak in spring and briefly at New Year.

Link to Abstract