Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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July 2019

Feasibility of a mail‐in, self‐administered dried blood spot collection method in national, population‐based alcohol surveys in the United States

The likelihood of participating in mail‐in, self‐administered dried blood spot (saDBS) sampling among drinkers in the US general population appears to be low.

Link to Abstract

Acceleration of drinking pace throughout the evening among frequently drinking young adults in the Netherlands

Young adults in the Netherlands appear to accelerate their drinking during the course of an evening's drinking, with high‐risk drinkers showing a greater increase.

Link to Abstract

Treatment‐resistant depression as risk factor for substance use disorders—a nation‐wide register‐based cohort study

Patients with treatment‐resistant depression may be at greater risk for substance use disorders compared with other patients with major depressive disorder.

Link to Abstract

A risk model for addictive behaviors in adolescents: interactions between personality and learning

Among elementary and high school students in the US, the joint effects of a general tendency to act rashly when distressed and behavior‐specific expectancies help to explain drinking and smoking behavior.

Link to Abstract

Intimate partner violence in emerging adulthood and subsequent substance use disorders: findings from a longitudinal study

Intimate partner violence (IPV) in early adulthood is associated with alcohol, substance and nicotine use disorders in women.

Link to Abstract

Randomized within‐subject trial to evaluate smokers’ initial perceptions, subjective effects and nicotine delivery across six vaporized nicotine products

The eGO and mod models of vaporized nicotine product (VPN) may be most effective for cigarette substitution among smokers who intend to switch to a VNP.

Link to Abstract

The effect of price and tax policies on the decision to smoke among men in Kenya

Cigarette price increases in Kenya between 1960 and 2014 were negatively associated with males' smoking initiation and positively associated with younger and lower‐income males' cessation.

Link to Abstract

Hospitalization of children after prenatal exposure to opioid maintenance therapy during pregnancy: a national registry study from the Czech Republic

Opioid maintenance treatment exposure given to mothers during pregnancy does not appear to increase risk of health problems in the offspring.

Link to Abstract

Patterns of social determinants of health associated with drug use among women living with HIV in Canada: a latent class analysis

Social determinants of health vulnerabilities (e.g., race and gender discrimination, HIV stigma, economic hardship) are associated with greater likelihood of drug use among women living with HIV.

Link to Abstract

Interpersonal and structural factors associated with receptive syringe‐sharing among a prospective cohort of female sex workers who inject drugs

​Client violence, intimate partner injection drug use, being injected by others and obtaining syringes from personal connections appear to increase parenteral HIV/HCV risk among female sex workers who inject drugs.

Link to Abstract

Feasibility, acceptability and cost‐effectiveness of a brief, lay counsellor‐delivered psychological treatment for men with alcohol dependence in primary care: an exploratory randomized controlled trial

Lay counsellor‐delivered psychological treatment in primary care may be effective in managing alcohol dependence in men in low‐ and middle‐income countries.

Link to Abstract

The association between alcohol access and alcohol‐attributable emergency department visits in Ontario, Canada

Deregulation of alcohol sales in Ontario, Canada in 2015 was associated with increased emergency department visits attributable to alcohol.

Link to Abstract

State alcohol policies, taxes, and availability as predictors of adolescent binge drinking trajectories into early adulthood

In the US, stronger state alcohol policies and higher beer excise taxes appear to be associated with lower risk of escalating drinking among underage youth.

Link to Abstract

Why Uruguay legalized marijuana? The open window of public insecurity

Applying Kingdon's theory of windows of opportunity, Uruguay may have moved towards full regulation of its marijuana market in 2013 because of the convergence of a specific set of problem, policy and political circumstances in May 2012.

Link to Abstract