This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
Probability discounting and gambling: a meta‐analysis
There appears to be a positive association between problem gambling and shallow probability discounting (a cognitive bias that overvalues low probability gains and/or undervalues high probability losses).
Integrating smoking cessation care in alcohol and other drug treatment settings using an organizational change intervention: a systematic review
Organizational change interventions within health‐care services to make smoking cessation care delivery part of usual treatment offer promise for increasing smoking cessation care and reducing smoking prevalence.
After how many drinks does someone experience acute consequences—determining thresholds for binge drinking based on two event‐level studies
Binge drinking thresholds of 4+/5+ (women/men) drinks accurately predict the occurrence of consequences in general, but are too low to predict severe acute alcohol-related consequences.
A systematic review of the next‐day effects of heavy alcohol consumption on cognitive performance
The research literature suggests that alcohol hangovers may involve impaired cognitive functions and performance of everyday tasks such as driving.
Moderation of baclofen response by a GABAB receptor polymorphism: results from the BacALD randomized controlled trial
The GABBR1 rs29220 polymorphism may influence treatment response and possibly predict adverse effects to baclofen in treatment of alcohol dependence.
Women's role in the rise in drinking in Australia 1950–80: an age–period–cohort analysis of data from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study
Specific birth cohorts influenced the post-WWII rise in alcohol consumption by Australian women born 1920–49. Much of the convergence with men's drinking after 1980 reflects large reductions in drinking among men.
AUDIT‐C and ICD codes as phenotypes for harmful alcohol use: association with ADH1B polymorphisms in two US populations
The age‐adjusted mean AUDIT‐C score is associated more strongly with genetic polymorphisms of known risk for alcohol use disorder than are longitudinal trajectories of AUDIT‐C or AUD diagnostic codes.
Underestimation of alcohol consumption in cohort studies and implications for alcohol's contribution to the global burden of disease
Underestimation of alcohol consumption in cohort studies is less than in typical population surveys. Uplifting survey estimates to 80% of total population consumption in global burden of disease studies appears appropriate.
How dependent is the alcohol industry on heavy drinking in England?
In England, the alcohol industry appears to be highly financially dependent upon heavy drinking, and might face significant financial losses were consumers to drink within guideline levels.
Gendered violence and overdose prevention sites: a rapid ethnographic study during an overdose epidemic in Vancouver, Canada
Overdose prevention sites in Vancouver, Canada remain ‘masculine spaces’ that can jeopardize access for women who use drugs.
High‐intensity cannabis use is associated with retention in opioid agonist treatment: a longitudinal analysis
Among people who use illicit drugs initiating opioid agonist treatment in Vancouver, daily cannabis use was associated with approximately 21% greater odds of retention in treatment compared with less than daily consumption.
EMS naloxone administration as non‐fatal opioid overdose surveillance: 6‐year outcomes in Marion County, Indiana
Among US emergency medical service patients administered naloxone for opioid overdose, those with repeat non‐fatal opioid overdose events are at a much higher risk of mortality, particularly drug‐related mortality, than those without repeat events.
Varenicline versus placebo for waterpipe smoking cessation: a double‐blind randomized controlled trial
Varenicline was found not to be more effective than placebo in aiding cessation of tobacco use in long‐term daily waterpipe smokers.
Mediators of the effect of nicotine pre‐treatment on quitting smoking
Nicotine pre‐loading appears to facilitate smoking abstinence by reducing urges to smoke and smoke intake before quitting and urges to smoke after quitting.