Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 

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November 2018

AA attendance and abstinence for dually diagnosed patients: a meta‐analytic review

Clinical referral of dual diagnosis (DD) patients to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is common. In many cases, DD patients who attend AA will report higher rates of alcohol abstinence than DD patients who do not attend AA.

Link to Abstract

Is there gender convergence in risky drinking when taking birth cohorts into account? Evidence from an Australian national survey 2001–13

In Australia, gender convergence in risky drinking since 2001 has been evident only in people aged 50–69 years.

Link to Abstract

Whole‐of‐community interventions to reduce population‐level harms arising from alcohol and other drug use: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

Whole-community interventions to reduce alcohol and other drug use and harms have seen small reductions in risky drinking, but have had little impact upon past month alcohol use, binge drinking or 12‐month marijuana use and the studies have been subject to high risk of bias.

Link to Abstract

The effect of parental drinking on alcohol use in young adults: the mediating role of parental monitoring and peer deviance

Young adults whose parents have moderate or high‐risk alcohol consumption are more likely to consume alcohol than those with parents with lower alcohol consumption.

Link to Abstract

Multi‐level analysis of alcohol‐related injury, societal drinking pattern and alcohol control policy: emergency department data from 28 countries

The more restrictive the alcohol policy in a country, the lower the rate of alcohol‐related injury, with country‐level drinking pattern having little effect on this relationship.

Link to Abstract

Genome‐wide association meta‐analysis of age at first cannabis use

Age at cannabis initiation appears to be moderately heritable in western countries, and individual differences in onset can be explained by separate but correlated genetic liabilities.

Link to Abstract

Medical cannabis legalization and opioid prescriptions: evidence on US Medicaid enrollees during 1993–2014

State‐wide medical cannabis legalization appears to have been associated with reductions in prescriptions and dosages of Schedule III opioids to US Medicaid enrolees.

Link to Abstract

Alcohol outlet density and alcohol related hospital admissions in England: a national small‐area level ecological study

In England, there appears to be an association between higher densities of alcohol outlets and higher hospital admission rates for conditions wholly attributable to alcohol consumption.

Link to Abstract

Carbonyl emissions from a novel heated tobacco product (IQOS): comparison with an e‐cigarette and a tobacco cigarette

The IQOS heated tobacco product emits substantially lower levels of carbonyls than a commercial tobacco cigarette (Marlboro Red) but higher levels than a Nautilus Mini e‐cigarette.

Link to Abstract

Cigarette consumption and biomarkers of nicotine exposure during pregnancy and postpartum

Neither cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) nor cotinine accurately estimate nicotine exposure during pregnancy.

Link to Abstract

Independent predictors of mortality in adolescents ascertained for conduct disorder and substance use problems, their siblings and community controls

For US juveniles, the connection between conduct disorder and risk of early death appears to exist even when other contributing factors such as sex, ethnicity, familial factors, and substance use are removed.

Link to Abstract

Modelling the impact of a national scale‐up of interventions on hepatitis C virus transmission among people who inject drugs in Scotland

Most of the decline in hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence in Scotland between 2008 and 2015 appears to be attributable to intervention scale‐up due to government strategies on HCV and drugs.

Link to Abstract