Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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May 2018

Motivation to reduce alcohol consumption and subsequent attempts at reduction and changes in consumption in increasing and higher-risk drinkers in England: a prospective population survey

Excessive drinkers in England with greater motivation to reduce consumption are more likely to report an attempt to reduce during the next 6 months, but on average this does not appear to translate to reduced consumption.

Link to Abstract

Diminishing benefit of smoking cessation medications during the first year: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

The proportion of smokers who use smoking cessation medications who benefit from doing so decreases during the course of the first year, but a net benefit still remains at 12 months.

Link to Abstract

Trends in alcohol-related mortality in East and West Germany, 1980–2014: age, period and cohort variations

Between 1980 and 2014, alcohol-related mortality declined in both East and West Germany but started earlier in West Germany. This difference can partly be explained by different drinking patterns before and changes in the health care system after the reunification.

Link to Abstract

Estimating the drink driving attributable fraction of road traffic deaths in Mexico

An estimated 19.5% of car occupant deaths in Mexico in 2010–13 may have been caused by alcohol.

Link to Abstract

Risk of amphetamine use disorder and mortality among incident users of prescribed stimulant medications in the Veterans Administration

Among adult incident stimulant medication users in the VA health-care system (2001 to 2012), comorbid substance use disorders were common and were risk factors for development of an amphetamine use disorder (AUD).

Link to Abstract

Lifetime marijuana use and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study

Marijuana use appears to be associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, but only among those who have ever used tobacco.

Link to Abstract

Brief telephone interventions for problem gambling: a randomized controlled trial

In treatment of problem gambling in New Zealand, brief telephone interventions are associated with reductions in days spent gambling and dollars lost that are similar to more intensive interventions.

Link to Abstract

Direct-acting antiviral treatment of chronic HCV-infected patients on opioid substitution therapy: Still a concern in clinical practice?

In Germany, direct-acting antiviral treatment can achieve equally high sustained virological response rates among former or current drug users and patients with no history of drug use.

Link to Abstract

Validation of a contextualized assessment of smoking behaviour in students

Social context plays an important role in smoking-related decision-making and simulated social contexts have potential for the study of context-related decision-making in addiction.

Link to Abstract

E-cigarette price sensitivity among middle- and high-school students: evidence from monitoring the future

Higher disposable e-cigarette prices appear to be associated with reduced e-cigarette use among adolescents in the US.

Link to Abstract

Improving quit rates of web-delivered interventions for smoking cessation: full-scale randomized trial of WebQuit.org versus Smokefree.gov

The smoking cessation websites WebQuit.org and Smokefree.gov have similar 30-day point prevalence abstinence rates at 12 months.

Link to Abstract

Incidence and risk factors for mortality after release from prison in Australia: a prospective cohort study

People released from prison in Queensland, Australia are at increased risk of death, due particularly to drug-related causes. Those at greatest risk have poor physical and mental health and a history of risky substance use.

Link to Abstract

The associations between psychotic experiences and substance use and substance use disorders: findings from the World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys

Associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and substance use/substance use disorders (SU/SUDs) are often bidirectional, but not all types of SU/SUDs are associated with PEs.

Link to Abstract

Excess overdose mortality immediately following transfer of patients and their care as well as after cessation of opioid substitution therapy

In the UK, opioid-dependent people transferred to an alternative treatment provider for continuation of their OST experience high overdose mortality rates, especially within the first month.

Link to Abstract