Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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April 2018

Efficacy of a web-based intervention with and without guidance for employees with risky drinking: results of a three-arm randomized controlled trial

A web-based alcohol intervention, administered with or without guidance, significantly reduced drinking and improved mental health and work-related outcomes in the German working population.

Link to Abstract

Alcohol-related harm in emergency departments: a prospective, multi-centre study

Almost one in 10 presentations to emergency departments in Australia and New Zealand are alcohol related.

Link to Abstract

Predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

A wide range of socio-demographic, relationship, social, smoking-related, pregnancy-related, health and psychological factors have been found to predict smoking cessation in pregnancy.

Link to Abstract

Associations between methadone maintenance treatment and crime: a 17-year longitudinal cohort study of Canadian provincial offenders

Canadians with prior convictions and opioid dependence appear to commit fewer crimes when they are receiving methadone treatment compared with no methadone treatment.

Link to Abstract

Communities mobilizing for change on alcohol (CMCA): secondary analyses of a randomized controlled trial showing effects of community organizing on alcohol acquisition by youth in the Cherokee nation

A community organizing intervention, Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA), is effective in reducing availability of alcohol to underage youth in the US.

Link to Abstract

Relationship between high-risk patients receiving prescription opioids and high-volume opioid prescribers

Health care providers in the US who typically do not prescribe large volumes of opioids frequently prescribe opioids to patients at high risk of opioid misuse.

Link to Abstract

Impulsivity predicts poorer improvement in quality of life during early treatment for people with methamphetamine dependence

Among Australian methamphetamine-dependent people, elevated impulsivity (acting without sufficient deliberation) predicts lower improvement of social and psychological quality of life in the first 6–9 weeks of treatment.

Link to Abstract

The prevalence, incidence, and gender and age-specific incidence of problem gambling: results of the Swedish longitudinal gambling study (Swelogs)

The incidence of problem gambling relapse in Sweden is likely to be higher than estimated and in future is likely to include higher proportions of women and older adults.

Link to Abstract

Self-reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study

Neither cumulative nor current marijuana use is associated with liver attenuation or total abdominal, visceral, subcutaneous, or intermuscular fat in mid-life.

Link to Abstract

Cigarette use is increasing among people with illicit substance use disorders in the United States, 2002–14: emerging disparities in vulnerable populations

While cigarette smoking has declined in the U.S. for the past several decades, it has increased since 2002 among people with substance use disorders.

Link to Abstract

Cost-effectiveness of personal tailored risk information and taster sessions to increase the uptake of the NHS stop smoking services: the Start2quit randomized controlled trial

To increase attendance at NHS Stop Smoking Services, a tailored letter and taster session in the services is likely to be more cost-effective than a generic letter in the long term.

Link to Abstract

The genetic and environmental architecture of substance use development from early adolescence into young adulthood: a longitudinal twin study of comorbidity of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use

Among Norwegian adolescents, there appear to be strong genetic effects on both substance-specific and comorbid use of alcohol, illicit drugs and tobacco; individual differences in alcohol use can be explained partially by family background.

Link to Abstract

Patterns of substance use and mortality risk in a cohort of ‘hard-to-reach’ polysubstance users

In a Norwegian prospective cohort study, ‘hard-to-reach’ polysubstance users had a more than 10 times higher mortality risk than the general population.

Link to Abstract

Sexual identity differences in high-intensity binge drinking: findings from a US national sample

In the US, sexual minority women are more likely, and sexual minority men are equally likely, to drink at standard and high-intensity binge drinking levels as their heterosexual counterparts.

Link to Abstract

Assessing causal relationships using genetic proxies for exposures: an introduction to Mendelian randomization

As genetic variants associated with addictive behaviours are identified, the potential for Mendelian randomization analyses will grow.

Link to Abstract