Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 

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March 2018

The short-term impact of the alcohol act on alcohol-related deaths and hospital admissions in Scotland: a natural experiment

The October 2011 implementation of the Alcohol Act in Scotland was not clearly associated with a reduction in alcohol-related deaths or hospital admissions in the 3-year period after implementation.

Link to Abstract

Measuring treatment outcomes in gambling disorders: a systematic review

Measuring recovery from problem gambling needs to go beyond assessing gambling behaviour to encompass other aspects of people’s wellbeing and functioning.

Link to Abstract

Socio-economic differentials in cannabis use trends in Australia

The decline in cannabis use in Australia from 2001 to 2013 occurred largely among higher socio-economic status groups.

Link to Abstract

A developmental-based motivational intervention to reduce alcohol and marijuana use among non-treatment-seeking young adults: a randomized controlled trial

A brief, longitudinally delivered, developmentally based motivational intervention for young adults did not produce reductions in binge alcohol, marijuana use or dual use days relative to a control condition.

Link to Abstract

Non-medical use of psychoactive prescription drugs is associated with fatal poisoning

Non-prescribed psychoactive drugs are commonly found at postmortem in drug poisoning deaths in Finland, with history of drug abuse being a major contributing factor.

Link to Abstract

Pharmacokinetics of concentrated naloxone nasal spray for opioid overdose reversal: Phase I healthy volunteer study

A concentrated 2mg intranasal naloxone spray delivers naloxone as effectively, over the critical first 15 minutes, as the standard 0.4mg intramuscular (IM) naloxone injection.

Link to Abstract

Trends and age, period and cohort effects for marijuana use prevalence in the 1984–2015 US National Alcohol Surveys

Marijuana use in the US has risen steeply since 2005, but not because of the liberalization of marijuana policies in some states.

Link to Abstract

Genome-wide association study of a nicotine metabolism biomarker in African American smokers: impact of chromosome 19 genetic influences

Three independent chromosome 19 signals account for ~20% of the variability in the nicotine metabolite ratio in African American smokers; knowledge of these may help to develop genomics-based personalization of tobacco dependence treatment.

Link to Abstract

Moral disapproval and perceived addiction to internet pornography: a longitudinal examination

Perceived addiction to internet pornography seems to be more strongly related to moral concerns around pornography use than to the amount of daily use.

Link to Abstract

The effect of a behavioral activation treatment for substance use on post-treatment abstinence: a randomized controlled trial

A behavioral activation group treatment for substance use (LETS ACT) appears to increase the likelihood of abstinence and reduce adverse consequences from substance use up to 12 months post-treatment.

Link to Abstract

Trends in age of smoking initiation in the Netherlands: a shift towards older ages?

In the Netherlands, the peak age of smoking initiation (16 years) has not shifted despite new youth access laws.

Link to Abstract

Needle and syringe programmes and opioid substitution therapy for preventing HCV transmission among people who inject drugs: findings from a Cochrane Review and meta-analysis

Opioid substitution therapy reduces risk of hepatitis C acquisition and is strengthened in combination with needle and syringe programmes.

Link to Abstract