Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 

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January 2019

Global, regional, and country‐level estimates of hepatitis C infection among people who have recently injected drugs

Globally, 39.2% of people with recent injecting drug use have hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 8.5% of all HCV infections occur among people with recent injecting drug use. There is wide variation among countries and regions.

Link to Abstract

Longitudinal associations between food insecurity and substance use in a cohort of women with or at risk for HIV in the United States

Food insecurity appears to be longitudinally associated with substance use among US women with or at risk for HIV.

Link to Abstract

Indexing the ‘dark side of addiction’: substance‐induced affective symptoms and alcohol use disorders

Affective symptoms are common in severe alcohol use disorders; are associated with a history of independent affective/anxiety disorders, neuroticism and suicidal behaviors; and may promote further heavy drinking.

Link to Abstract

One size does not fit all—evolution of opioid agonist treatments in a naturalistic setting over 23 years

Based on data from Zurich, Switzerland from 1992 to 2015, there is no evidence for an excessive demand for a single medication in a naturalistic and liberal opioid agonist treatment setting.

Link to Abstract

Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis

Cannabis price policies that include somewhat higher consumer costs for legal cannabis relative to contraband aren’t likely to expand the illegal market.

Link to Abstract

Gambling despite financial loss—the role of losses disguised as wins in multi‐line slots

Multi‐line slot machines contain outcomes in which one gains less than the original wager (losses disguised as wins or LDWs). Moderate proportions of LDWs appear to make higher‐risk players gamble longer despite financial loss.

Link to Abstract

Naloxone distribution and possession following a large‐scale naloxone programme

A large‐scale naloxone programme in 7 Norwegian cities with a cumulative distribution rate of 495 per 100 000 population showed good saturation in a sample of high‐risk individuals.

Link to Abstract

Alcohol consumption and all‐cause mortality in older adults in Spain: an analysis accounting for the main methodological issues

Light‐to‐moderate drinking among people in Spain over 60 appears to have no benefit on mortality compared with abstention from alcohol.

Link to Abstract

Profiles of recovery from alcohol use disorder at three years following treatment: can the definition of recovery be extended to include high functioning heavy drinkers?

Occasional heavy drinkers following treatment for alcohol use disorder appear to be similar to alcohol abstainers with respect to functioning and life satisfaction.

Link to Abstract

Parental alcohol use disorder and offspring marital outcomes

In Sweden, parental alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with higher probability of marriage at younger ages, lower probability of marriage at older ages, and higher likelihood of marriage to an AUD-affected spouse compared with no parental AUD.

Link to Abstract

Effects of a federal housing voucher experiment on adolescent binge drinking: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial

A housing subsidy treatment that enables low‐income families to move from public to private housing appears to lessen girls’ binge drinking but increases boys’ binge drinking, compared with controls.

Link to Abstract

Which individual, social and environmental influences shape key phases in the amphetamine type stimulant use trajectory? A systematic narrative review and thematic synthesis of the qualitative literature

Amphetamine‐type stimulant users’ drug use careers are shaped by a complex dynamic of individual, social and environmental factors and need tailored, joined‐up interventions.

Link to Abstract