Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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June 2019

Associations of child and adolescent anxiety with later alcohol use and disorders: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective cohort studies

Studies conducted to date have not clearly shown an association between childhood/adolescent anxiety and subsequent alcohol use disorder.

Link to Abstract

Racial discrimination and alcohol use and negative drinking consequences among Black Americans: a meta‐analytical review

Experiences of racial discrimination are associated with problematic alcohol use among Black Americans, particularly among younger individuals.

Link to Abstract

Forecasting the 2021 local burden of population alcohol‐related harms using Bayesian structural time–series

Bayesian structural time–series models enable investigation of the future impacts of alcohol‐related harms in population subgroups.

Link to Abstract

Clinical presentations, social functioning, and treatment receipt among individuals with comorbid life‐time PTSD and alcohol use disorders versus drug use disorders: findings from NESARC‐III

People with drug use disorder who have PTSD suffer greater social and mental health problems than people with alcohol use disorder and PTSD.

Link to Abstract

Increasing potency and price of cannabis in Europe, 2006–16

European cannabis resin and herbal cannabis increased in potency and price from 2006 to 2016. Marked increases in resin potency and value from 2011 to 2016 are consistent with the emergence of new resin production techniques in European and neighbouring drug markets.

Link to Abstract

Is the association between maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy and pre‐school child behavioural and emotional problems causal? Multiple approaches for controlling unmeasured confounding

Children of mothers who drank alcohol heavily early in pregnancy appear to be more emotionally reactive and have physical health problems at age 3 but may be less aggressive at age 5 compared with unexposed siblings.

Link to Abstract

Young adult longitudinal patterns of marijuana use among US National samples of 12th grade frequent marijuana users: a repeated‐measures latent class analysis

Nearly one in four 12th grade (modal age 18 years) frequent marijuana users in the US continues to report high frequency use to age 30.

Link to Abstract

Rising pregabalin use and misuse in Australia: trends in utilization and intentional poisonings

There has been a dramatic increase in pregabalin use, poisonings and deaths in Australia since pregabalin became subsidized publicly in 2013.

Link to Abstract

Prevalence of awareness, ever‐use and current use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) among adult current smokers and ex‐smokers in 14 countries with differing regulations on sales and marketing of NVPs: cross‐sectional findings from the ITC Project

In countries with no regulatory policies governing nicotine vaping products (NVPs), use rates are very low. NVP use is higher among high‐income countries.

Link to Abstract

Pharmaceutical payments to physicians may increase prescribing for opioids

In the United States, physicians who receive payments or benefits from providers of opioid drugs tend to prescribe substantially larger quantities, particularly for hydrocodone and oxycodone.

Link to Abstract

Predictive value of non‐consumption outcome measures in alcohol use disorder treatment

Self‐report measures of temptation and alcohol craving can change as a result of alcohol dependence treatment and can predict drinking outcomes.

Link to Abstract

Tobacco control policies and smoking among older adults: a longitudinal analysis of 10 European countries

Increases in tobacco taxes and smoke‐free policies are significantly related to reduced smoking prevalence among European older adults.

Link to Abstract

A transdiagnostic dimensional approach towards a neuropsychological assessment for addiction: an international Delphi consensus study

A large expert panel has reached consensus on seven core constructs required for understanding addiction: five from the Positive Valence System (reward valuation, expectancy, action selection, reward learning, habit); one from the Cognitive Control System (response selection/inhibition); and one expert‐initiated construct (compulsivity).

Link to Abstract

The Hepatitis C Awareness Through to Treatment (HepCATT) study: improving the cascade of care for hepatitis C virus‐infected people who inject drugs in England

Introducing a part‐time facilitator into drug and alcohol clinics in England increased engagement of HCV‐positive people who inject drugs with hepatitis C virus care pathways.

Link to Abstract