Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 

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April 2019

Compliance with ecological momentary assessment protocols in substance users: a meta‐analysis

The pooled compliance rate for Ecological Momentary Assessment studies in substance‐using populations from 1998 to 2017 was below 80% and not associated with frequency or duration of assessments.

Link to Abstract

Alcohol consumption and hospitalization burden in an adult Italian population: prospective results from the Moli‐sani study

People who consume alcohol moderately (one glass of wine a day) appear to have a lower risk of being hospitalized compared with heavier drinkers and teetotallers.

Link to Abstract

The efficacy of smoking cessation interventions in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

NRT, behavioral counseling and brief advice appear to be effective in aiding smoking cessation in LAMI countries. There is limited rigorous research on other interventions in these regions.

Link to Abstract

Machine‐learning prediction of adolescent alcohol use: a cross‐study, cross‐cultural validation

Computerized screening software shows promise in predicting the risk of alcohol use among adolescents.

Link to Abstract

A prospective study of alcohol involvement and the dual‐systems model of adolescent risk‐taking during late adolescence and emerging adulthood

Dual‐systems models that include both behavioural-approach and behavioural-control components can explain alcohol involvement during adolescence and emerging adulthood.

Link to Abstract

Exploring the relationship between polygenic risk for cannabis use, peer cannabis use and the longitudinal course of cannabis involvement

Both genetics and perceived peer cannabis seem to contribute to youth/young adult cannabis use trajectories.

Link to Abstract

Changes over time in marijuana use, deviant behavior and preference for risky behavior among US adolescents from 2002 to 2014: testing the moderating effect of gender and age

Marijuana use, deviant behavior and risk preferences among US adolescents declined from 2002 to 2014. Marijuana use is still positively associated with deviant behaviors and risk preferences.

Link to Abstract

How competent are people who use opioids at responding to overdoses? Qualitative analyses of actions and decisions taken during overdose emergencies

People who use opioids can be trained to respond appropriately to opioid overdoses and thus to save their peers’ lives. Appropriate overdose response requires both practical and social competency.

Link to Abstract

Time since first cannabis use and 12‐month prevalence of cannabis use disorder among youth and emerging adults in the United States

Among US youth and emerging adults, prevalence of cannabis use disorder appears to increase with time since initiation of use and is higher among youth than emerging adults.

Link to Abstract

US state cigarette tax increases and smoke‐free legislation in relation to cigarette expenditure across household socio‐economic circumstances: a quasi‐experimental study

Cigarette tax increases in the US between 2000 and 2014 may have reduced smoking prevalence due to an absolute and relative increase in household tobacco expenditure.

Link to Abstract

Mapping discourse coalitions in the minimum unit pricing for alcohol debate: a discourse network analysis of UK newspaper coverage

Discourse network analysis of media coverage of minimum unit pricing (MUP) in Scotland from June 2011 to November 2012 revealed two polarized discourse coalitions: opponents and proponents of MUP.

Link to Abstract

Self‐wise, Other‐wise, Streetwise (SOS) training, an intervention to prevent victimization in dual‐diagnosis patients: results from a randomized clinical trial

Among dual‐diagnosis patients in The Netherlands, care as usual plus a new intervention (‘Self‐wise, Other‐wise, Streetwise’ training) was more effective in preventing victimization than care as usual alone.

Link to Abstract