Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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Current List - December 2021

Alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe: a large-scale cross-sectional study in 21 countries

On average, alcohol consumption appears to have declined during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe.

Link to Abstract

Alcohol use among young Australian adults in May–June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective cohort study

Australia appeared to reduce overall alcohol consumption and related harms during COVID-19 restrictions.

Link to Abstract

Can novel ‘swift-certain-fair’ programs work outside of pioneering jurisdictions? An analysis of 24/7 Sobriety in Montana, USA

South Dakota USA’s 24/7 Sobriety Program appears to work in Montana as well.

Link to Abstract

Changes in alcohol-related hospital visits during COVID-19 in New York City

In NYC during the initial COVID-19 peak, hospital visits for alcohol withdrawal increased while those for alcohol use decreased.

Link to Abstract

Cognitive boosting interventions for impulsivity in addiction: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of cognitive training, remediation and pharmacological enhancement

Goal management training may be an effective treatment for addressing impulsive choice in addiction.

Link to Abstract

Coronary heart disease in mothers and fathers of adult children with alcohol use disorders

Swedish study found an association between having a child with alcohol use disorder and increased risk of coronary heart disease

Link to Abstract

Cost-effectiveness implications of increasing the efficiency of the extended-release naltrexone induction process for the treatment of opioid use disorder: a secondary analysis

An efficient model of extended-release naltrexone initiation could bring its cost-effectiveness closer to that of buprenorphine-naloxone.

Link to Abstract

Does drinking modify the relationship between men's gender‐inequitable attitudes and their perpetration of intimate partner violence? A meta‐analysis of surveys of men from seven countries in the Asia Pacific region

Regular heavy episodic drinking appears to increase the likelihood of intimate partner violence among men with less equitable gender attitudes.

Link to Abstract

Does the content and source credibility of health and risk messages related to nicotine vaping products have an impact on harm perception and behavioural intentions? A systemic review

Relative risk messages may help improve the accuracy of harm perceptions of nicotine vaping products.

Link to Abstract

Ecological momentary assessments of night-time drinking among California adolescents: bases for informing night-time preventive interventions

Among California adolescents, being away from home in the evenings is related to greater risks for drinking and drink-related problems.

Link to Abstract

Economic cycles and inequalities in alcohol‐related mortality in the Baltic countries and Finland in 2000–2015: a register‐based study

Alcohol-related mortality may increase faster among low-educated people during economic expansion and decrease faster among high-educated people during economic recession.

Link to Abstract

Evaluation of monitoring youth exposure to alcohol advertising on cable television, United States 2016–19

Publication of alcohol advertising monitoring reports appears to reduce US youth exposure to alcohol advertising.

Link to Abstract

Health warning labels and alcohol selection: a randomised controlled experiment in a naturalistic shopping laboratory

Warning labels describing the adverse health consequences of excessive alcohol consumption do not appear to change selection behaviour.

Link to Abstract

Illegal drug market responses to state recreational cannabis laws

Recreational cannabis laws in US states appear to be associated with reduced street price of cannabis in those states.

Link to Abstract

Impact of treatment duration on mortality among Veterans with opioid use disorder in the United States Veterans Health Administration

Short periods of medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder may yield net mortality benefits despite the elevated mortality risk when transitioning into and out of treatment.

Link to Abstract

Impacts of Canada's cannabis legalization on police-reported crime among youth: early evidence

Canada's 2018 Cannabis Act appears to be associated with decreases of 55%–65% in cannabis-related crimes among male and female youth.

Link to Abstract

Methadone and buprenorphine treatment in United States jails and prisons: lessons from early adopters

Qualitative analysis suggests opioid agonist treatment programs can successfully be implemented in US jails and prisons with tailoring to the specific context.

Link to Abstract

Mortality in substance-induced psychosis: a register-based national cohort study

Substance-induced psychosis appears to be strongly associated with an increased risk of mortality.

Link to Abstract

National trends in population rates of opioid-related mortality, hospitalization and emergency department visits in Canada between 2000 and 2017. A population-based study

Opioid-related mortality, hospitalization and emergency department visits in Canada have been increasing gradually since 2000.

Link to Abstract

Opioid analgesic prescribing for opioid‐naïve individuals prior to identification of opioid use disorder in British Columbia, Canada

Among people in BC, Canada diagnosed with opioid use disorder from 2001-2018, over 32% were earlier prescribed non-cancer opioid analgesics.

Link to Abstract

Outcomes associated with the use of medications for opioid use disorder during pregnancy

Longer duration of medication for opioid use disorder use during pregnancy is associated with improved maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Link to Abstract

Up-scheduling and codeine supply in Australia: analysing the intervention and outliers

Australia's 2018 up-scheduling of over-the-counter codeine products appears to have nearly halved the national codeine supply.

Link to Abstract