Published since 1884 by the Society for the Study of Addiction.
Editor-in-Chief, Robert West

Abstention from alcohol has increased sharply among Australian adolescents

10 April 2014

A broad change in drinking behaviour has occurred among Australian adolescents in the last decade.  The percentage of Australians aged 14-17 who do not drink alcohol has increased from almost 33% in 2001 to over 50% in 2010.  This trend has occurred broadly across a wide range of regional, socio-economic, and demographic subgroups.

The trend was spotted by Dr Michael Livingston of Australia’s National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at the University of New South Wales, who analysed survey responses from more than 2500 young Australians. Livingston says there are several possible explanations: “The shift in drinking behaviour is likely the result of broad cultural factors.  We have seen similar recent trends in the Nordic countries and the United States of America, all countries with strong temperance traditions and increasing public concerns about adolescent drinking.  Also, the Australian population is increasingly multicultural, with a steady rise in residents from typically lighter-drinking cultures.  So the trend toward alcohol abstention among Australian adolescents could have something to do with deep cultural beliefs, increased social concerns about young drinkers, and subtle changes in immigration.”

This shift in drinking behaviour is good news in a country where twenty years ago one in five drinkers aged 16-17 reported alcohol-related injuries and one in ten regretted sexual experience linked to their drinking. [1]  The reduction in drinking among Australian adolescents does not seem to have been offset by increases in illicit drug use or smoking. 

-- Ends –

For editors:

Livingston M. Trends in non-drinking amongst Australian adolescents.  Addiction, 109: doi: 10.1111/add.12524 

This paper is free to download for one month after publication from the Wiley Online Library.

or by contacting Jean O’Reilly, Editorial Manager, Addiction, jean@addictionjournal.org, tel +44 (0)20 7848 0853.

Media seeking interviews with Dr Michael Livingston should contact Marion Downey, Communications Manager, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre: (02) 9385 0180 / 0401 713 850 / m.downey@unsw.edu.au or Erin O’Loughlin, Communications Officer, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre: (02) 9385 0124 / 0402 870 996 / erin.oloughlin@unsw.edu.au

Addiction (www.addictionjournal.org) is a monthly international scientific journal publishing peer-reviewed research reports on alcohol, illicit drugs, tobacco, and gambling as well as editorials and other debate pieces. Owned by the Society for the Study of Addiction, it has been in continuous publication since 1884. Addiction is the number one journal in the 2013 ISI Journal Citation Reports Ranking in the Substance Abuse Category (Social Science Edition).  Membership to the Society for the Study of Addiction (http://www.addiction-ssa.org/) is £85 and includes an annual subscription to Addiction.

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[1] Bonomo Y, Coffey C, Wolfe R, Lynskey M, Bowes G, and Patton G. (2001) Adverse outcomes of alcohol use in adolescents.  Addiction, 96: 1485-96.